Psychological and Social Factors of Religious Identity in the Religious Community
Keywords:confessional identity, individual identity, communal identity, preach, prayer
The religious community as a factor of formation of the religious identity of the person was analyzed. The process of formation, incipience and transformation of religious identity as a variable construct, which is influenced by various factors, were defined. There were researched the role of religious community in the construction of individual and collective levels of religious identity. It was found out, that the most intensive influence on the formation of religious identity of person happens in religious communities with the fixed membership. Building the collective religious identity in small religious groups (church, sect) is an instant through such means: ritual and ceremonial practices, prayer, preach, common psychological atmosphere, sacred subjects and objects, sacred language, clothes. Instead the confessions affects only indirectly to the creation of confessional identity of the person.
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