Sociological Studios Sociological studios is an international academic sociological journal published peer-reviewed full-text articles with immediate open access to them en-US (Salnikova Svitlana A.) (Salnikova Svitlana A.) Tue, 24 Jan 2023 21:29:09 +0000 OJS 60 The Value Dimension of Public Opinion in Ukraine During the Full Scale War and Its Role for Post-War Reconstruction <p>The article is devoted to the relevance of the social values of liberal-democratic societies during the war, their structural features, and their role in the post-war reconstruction of Ukraine. The corresponding values include safety, diversity, selectivity, normativity, freedom, equality, order, stability, development, independence, and strength.</p> <p>The empirical part of the study is based on the results of an online survey conducted in July 2022. The sample size is 2,350 respondents (women – 51,3 %, men – 48,7 %, average age – 37,3 years). The structure of the sample repeats the structure of the urban population of Ukraine aged 18 to 55 at the beginning of the war in settlements with 50 thousand inhabitants or more for all regions, except the following groups: &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1) population on the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions temporarily occupied at the beginning of the war, as well as AR Crimea; 2) population on other territories of Luhansk region; 3) population on the territories of Kherson region.</p> <p>The ranking of societal values (Condorcet method) was established: safety (80,5 %), strength (63,8 %), order (61,3 %), normativity (58,9 %), equality (53,6 %), liberty (48,4 %), stability (44,0 %), independence &nbsp;(37,4 %), development (35,6 %), diversity (34,1 %), selectivity (32.3 %).</p> <p>Two clusters are identified in the structure of societal values. The first includes order, safety, diversity, selectivity, normativity, liberty, and equality. In general, this value cluster emphasizes the need for internal balance, which is a fundamental guarantee of national resilience during a large-scale war, as it preserves the ability of society to generate additional resources needed by the state. The second value cluster includes strength, development, independence, and stability. This substructure is related to that part of national resilience responsible for responding to external crises and challenges.</p> <p>Forecasts were made regarding the priority relevance of almost all societal values in the period of post-war reconstruction: 1) safety due to the damage caused by the war to the population and territories of Ukraine; 2) strength due to the successes of Ukraine in the defense and diplomatic spheres; 3) order due to the inadmissibility of cleavage narratives in society; 4) normativity due to the request for implementation of the rule of law; 5) equality due to the need for support of broad sections of the population from the state; 6) liberty due to the need of gradual easing of restrictions that arose due to the war; 7) stability due to the constant demand for it in peacetime; 8) development due to its fundamental importance for the national subjectivity of Ukraine; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;9) diversity due to modern landmarks of civilizational development; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;10) selectivity due to the need for effective management decisions.</p> Serhii Dembitskyi, Roman Kyrychenko, Svitlana Salnikova, Mykola Sydorov Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Status Characteristics and Peculiarities of Accommodation of Ukrainian War Refugees in Germany (Konstanz) <p>The crisis of forced migrants from Ukraine due to the war became one of the biggest in Europe in the 20<sup>th</sup>–21<sup>st</sup> centuries. A large increase in the number of refugees due to the war in Ukraine occurred after the start of the active phase of hostilities on February 24, 2022. Germany remains one of the countries that received the largest number of forced migrants from Ukraine. It is relevant to study the living conditions, employment, lifestyle, leisure time, well-being and future plans of forced migrants from Ukraine in Germany (using the example of the city of Konstanz). We conducted an exploratory web survey: respondents were interviewed using a formalized questionnaire with a series of open-ended questions implemented on the LimeSurvey online platform. Based on the results of the analysis, the main problems faced by Ukrainian refugees in the city of Konstanz were identified: living conditions and the lack of places in kindergartens. Both problems are characteristic of this city for many years before the war in Ukraine. Among the main features that distinguish forced migrants from Ukraine in connection with the war is a large share of highly qualified persons and persons with completed higher education. Plans for further stay in Germany or return to Ukraine deserve special attention – almost half of the respondents said that they plan to stay in Germany forever, and almost all the rest - to return to Ukraine as soon as it becomes possible. This information also brings new challenges for the country's migration policy and needs further discussion.</p> <p>In addition, a high sensitivity to questions about the property and financial status in Ukraine before the start of the Russian attack in 2022 was revealed.</p> Mykola Sydorov, Yeliena Kovalska Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Solo Living outside Home: Case of Ukrainian Migrants <p>The article considers such a category of migrants as solo refugees. The author substantiates the need to study this category of refugees from the economic, political, and psychological points of view. Solo migrants face several specific challenges. So, the purpose of this article is to characterize and describe the life strategies used by refugees who find themselves abroad in the status of solo refugees. The study is a pilot study and was conducted using the method of semi-structured interviews. The interviews were divided into main thematic blocks that consider the history of the decision to leave the country; the process of adaptation in a new country and the main difficulties; the process of organizing work; daily and communicative aspects of life, as well as emotional self-awareness; vision of life prospects. Two main categories of solo refugees were distinguished: those who have decided to stay in host countries for a long time and those who are in a «suspended» state. Features of each of these two strategies have been outlined. The possibilities for further research of this category of refugees were also outlined.</p> Daria Yashkina Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Equal Opportunities for Women and Men versus the Crisis of Masculinity (Ukrainian Specificity) <p>The article examines the importance of the gender factor in Ukraine’s war against the Russian aggressor and the role of gender transformations in modern Ukrainian society, their impact on reforms in the Armed Forces. The concepts of «crisis of masculinity» and «crisis of femininity» are analyzed in accordance with the military realities of the present time – the unprovoked armed aggression of Putin’s Kremlin neo-empire against sovereign Ukraine. Attention is focused on the stereotypes of the mass consciousness regarding gender roles in modern Ukrainian society and research is conducted on the processes of genderization that take place in the Ukrainian social space, primarily in the Armed Forces. It is proven that the choice of the European path of development and Ukraine’s desire to join NATO are a prerequisite for carrying out serious gender transformations in Ukrainian society, aimed at equalizing social, career, and status opportunities for women and men. It is noted that this process was and continues to be most effective in the Ukrainian army. About 38,000 women soldiers are serving in the ranks of the Armed Forces today. About 7,000 of them are fighting at «zero».</p> <p>As a result of the conducted gender analysis of real processes related to military actions against rashists on the territory of Ukraine, it is concluded that neither the crisis of masculinity nor the crisis of femininity are the main indicators of its viability and stability in Ukrainian society. On the contrary, positive gender transformations are taking place, which will ensure effective interaction between women and men and are a real basis for the establishment of human rights and parity (gender) democracy in Ukraine. Attention is drawn to the need to overcome gender stereotypes of the mass consciousness for a more effective introduction of the principles of the existence of civilized societies into the life activities of the Ukrainian community.</p> Iryna Grabovska Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Social and Philosophical Dimension of Hryhorii Skovoroda’s Doctrine of Happiness <p>The article provides a thorough analysis of Hryhorii Skovoroda’s doctrine of happiness. The philosopher’s understanding of the phenomenon of man and his place in the Universe is revealed. Attention is focused on the fact that the whole philosophy of Hryhorii Skovoroda is aimed at teaching to recognize a person in oneself, to identify him and to be him. And Hryhorii Skovoroda’s doctrine of man is based on his theory of two natures and three worlds, which shows the visible and invisible natures and how to achieve the transformation of the outer man into the inner one. It is also determined that Hryhorii Skovoroda was convinced that it is man who should be given the main role in the Universe due to the ability to self-knowledge. After all, the ability of a person to be happy will work for the public good. The main thing is to determine your place in the Universe. It is substantiated that it is he who for the first time in the history of Ukrainian philosophy outlines the field of reasoning about man, about his identity in time, about the essence of man, about the meaning of life, determines the range of anthropological problems, cognizes man in both ontological and epistemological and axiological dimensions. The study of Hryhorii Skovoroda’s doctrine of happiness is conducted in the socio-philosophical dimension of modern society.</p> Nataliia Yukhymenko Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Needs of IDPs in Wartime: Experience of the Public Sector of Ukraine on the Example of Shelter Ukraine Initiative <p>The article reveals the problem of providing IDPs in host communities during the full-scale military invasion of russia on the territory of Ukraine. The objective of the research is to identify future challenges and prospects for the development of organizations in the context of the ongoing war in Ukraine, аnd identifying the needs of internally displaced persons in the autumn-winter period as well. Most of the interviewed IDPs are unable to return home due to the hostilities and plan to stay in the host communities for autumn and winter. The leaders of the organizations identified that they are quite clear about their needs for sustainability. These needs are only partially covered by grants and donor funds. The exchange of resources and information allows organizations to respond to challenges more effectively. On the example of civil society organizations that implemented their activities to assist IDPs within the Shelter Ukraine initiative, the needs of displaced persons, communities and organizations that accompany the resettlement of displaced citizens are identified and prioritized. Recommendations for representatives of civil society to optimize the work for the autumn-winter period 2022–23 are provided. The findings are aimed at helping to determine the priorities of civil society organizations to assist war-affected categories of citizens.</p> Iryna Skliarova Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Applying of Methods of Media Literacy and Media Education in Educational Processes for Future Social Workers <p>Necessity and actual problems of theoretical researches and practical implementation of technologies of media literacy into practical activity of specialists of social sphere and into educational processes are analyzed in the scientific article. An author of article mad an accent at learning and analysis of such scientific approaches as: Protectionist Approach, Media Art Education, Feminism and Critical Media Literacy Approach, Media Literacy Movement etc. These approaches have creative and innovation potential for the implementation into practical social activity and for their application in practical social sphere. Conceptual frameworks, contents, ethical principles, legal aspects and structural components of Media Literacy in the social sphere are studied in this scientific publication. An author paid attention to practical aspects of educational processes of future social workers. Prominent competences of media literacy also studied in this article. An author of scientific article participates in active implementation of the elements of Media Literacy and Media Education into the education of social workers. Media Literacy trainings, lectures about countering to fakes and misinformation are systematically uses in practical work. Researcher studied methods and forms of studying of theoretical and practical aspects of media literacy. Experience of practical implementation of main components of media education is represented in this article. An author of article shared recommendations concerning ethical aspects of media literacy.</p> Alina Solnyshkina Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000