Self-Organization of the Volunteer Initiatives During the Events of the Maidan 2013–2014


  • Anna Prokhorova National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy



Maidan, volunteering activities, self-organisation, depth interview


The article studies the processes of development and functioning of self-organized volunteer initiatives during the events of the Maidan (2013–2014) and their structural characteristics and peculiarities relying on the pool of 400 in-depth interviews, gathered at the projects Maidan. Testimonies and Maidan. Medical source. It is shown that self-organization of the volunteer initiatives arose spontaneously and rapidly as a response to new emerging needs that appeared during the periods of aggravation of the situation. The two main structural characteristics of the self-organized volunteer initiatives of the Maidan that allowed them to act quickly and effectively were their horizontal character and functional specialization of their members. Different organizations of the Maidan performed the same functions, partly because of the complexity of coordination during the periods of intensive work, and partly in view of diversifying the risks. Another peculiarity of these initiatives consisted in active communication through the Internet and social networks both among activists and with all those who wished to help. Volunteer organizations of the Maidan were initiated by people of a certain type: young, educated, active, middle class. One more peculiarity of self-organized volunteer initiatives that have been analyzed, is that they managed to attract significant resources to their activities, both material and human.


1. “Volunteering in Ukraine” (2015), GfK Ukrainе, import/2015-09 01_press_releases/data/ua/Documents/Presentations/report_vyshlisky.pdf
2. Horielov, D. M. (2015), “Volunteering: world experience and Ukrainian civil practice : analytical report”, Kyiv : NISS, 36 р.
3. “Trust in social institutions and groups” (2015), КIIS,
4. Matijchuk, A. V. (2016), Volunteering as a Determinant of Civil Society, Grani, Vol. 8, No. 136, Pp. 100–107.
5. Salnikova, S. (2014), The Charity of Population of East European Countries with the Soviet Past, Sociological Studios, No. 5, Vol. 2, Pp. 39–45.
6. Khomiak, A. (2015), Participation of the Population of Ukraine in Voluntary and Charitable Activities, Sociological Studios, No. 7, Vol. 2, Pp. 67–71.
7. CAF World Giving Index 2015. A global view of giving trends (2015),