Social Interests through the Prism of Postmodern Epistemology


  • Denys Aleksandrov Melitopol State Pedagogical University. Bogdan Khmelnitsky



social interests, epistemology, modern and postmodern social theory


The article is devoted to the analyses the specific of elaboration of social interests in modern social theory. The author makes an attempt to define heuristic, methodological and logic functions of concept of social interest. The use of historical method, system method and conceptual analysis enabled to trace the evolution of scientific outlook of social interest as a phenomenon. The use of system approach provided the association of concepts, by which social interests were interpreted in modern and postmodern sociological theories. By means of conceptual analysis it was set the semantics of the social concept, methodological conditionality of its values. It is grounded the specific ability of interest to be an interlink of social relations, providing dialectical unity of agent and social reality. The author shows the attempts of modern sociologists to overcome insufficiency of sociological equation of interest to an economic value or psychological orientation of attention, offering strategy of explanation of social interest as a specific «intermediary» unit, which determines and directs social relations. Attention is also focused on the ability of concept of interest to expose the new verges of its maintenance and to get heuristic possibilities by means of methodological relativism, pluralism, temporality. Is examined the attempt of sociologists to dissociate the concept of interest from deterministic interpretation, to use it in the explanation of spatiotemporal «contours» of social practice. Is grounded unforeseen and openness of modern social processes in which social interest as a temporary phenomenon denotes a specific type of super individual connection and specifies on passing of potential and desired being to the real being.


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