Recruitment and Exploitation of Girls During Armed Conflicts (Donbass Experience)

Keywords: children, girls, armed conflict, recruitment, exploitation, illegal armed groups

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to study the problem of attracting children to participate in military conflicts, as well as to analyze the experience of Donbass in the issue of involving girls in the activities of illegal armed formations and their indirect participation (exploitation by the military) outside of combat life. Since this problem has not been sufficiently studied by the author, an attempt was made to analyze voluntary and compulsory forms of recruiting girls and the role of propaganda in the media, social and Internet networks, as well as teachers of secondary schools and parents directly in this. A separate analysis of the factors contributing to the attraction of girls, as a specific gender group, to participate in the activities of illegal armed groups is carried out. Particular attention is paid to highlighting the role of factors of social alienation and attraction in the framework of the negative experience of social interaction, in addition, the personal and group motives of girls joining illegal armed groups are studied. A key role in the formation of strategies for attracting girls to join military-patriotic clubs and armed groups in the Donbas is the determination of the individual characteristics of social interaction carried out by a child. The experience of negative social interaction with the immediate environment plays a fundamental role in the process of accepting consent. That is why the article analyzes the dependence of the choice of recruitment strategies for adolescent girls on the factors of social alienation and attraction of those present in their lives.

References

At least 147 children were killed and 392 were injured as a result of the armed conflict in Donbass - UN. (2020) Retrieved June 01, 2020 from https://ultati-zbroynogo-konfliktu-na-donbasi-oonwww.unn.com.ua/ru/news/1872560-schonaymenshe-147-ditey-zaginuli-ta-392-buli-poraneni-v-rez

Chebotaryova, M., Bakhmut, Y. (2016). Modern marriage structure of the population of Luhansk region. Economic Bulletin of Donbass. 2 (44), 4–7. Retrieved June 22, 2016 from http://www.evd-journal.org/download/2016/2(44)/pdf/1-Chebotarova.pdf

Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989). Retrieved May 20, 2020 from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_021#Text

Hoffman, B. (2003). Terrorism: An Inside Look. Retrieved September 14, 2020 from http://library.khpg.org/index.php?id=1462096486

In 2019, 148 rapes were registered, in which the victims were minors. (2020). Retrieved January 30, 2020 from https://ua.interfax.com.ua/news/general/638405.html

Klymenko, O. (2019a). Involvement of children in armed conflicts: models and methods of recruitment (Ukrainian experience). Sociological Studios, 2(15), 13–20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29038/2306-3971-2019-02-13-20

Klymenko, E. (2019b). Die Schwächsten der Schwachen Ukraine: Kinder im Krieg. Osteuropa, 3–4, 185–191. Retrieved June 10, 2020 from https://www.zeitschrift-osteuropa.de/hefte/2019/3-4/die-schwaechsten-der-schwachen/

On the protection of childhood: the Law of Ukraine (2001)/Retrieved July 03, 2020 from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2402-14#Text

On the Role of Gender in Preventing and Combating Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism (2016). Retrieved June 18, 2016 from https://www.osce.org/files/f/documents/1/1/429452_0.pdf

Ramsay, G. (2013). Jihadi Culture on the World Wide Web. 51–78. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781501301049.ch-003. Retrieved October 10, 2020 from https://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/jihadi-culture-on-the-world-wide-web-9781441124395/

Stop the War on Children. Gender Matters (2020a). Save the Children. Retrieved November 20, 2020 from https://resourcecentre.savethechildren.net/node/16784/pdf/ch1413553.pdf

Stop the War on Children. Killed and Maimed: A Generation of Violations Against Children in Conflict (2020b). Save the Children. Retrieved November 20, 2020 from https://resourcecentre.savethechildren.net/node/18486/pdf/killed_and_maimed_a_generation_of_violations_final.pdf

Published
2020-12-29
Section
SOCIAL REALITY IN EMPIRICAL STUDIES