Sociology from the Global South and the Global North: Systematising Characteristics and Relations




Global South, Global North, sociology of sociology, knowledge production, academic cooperation


The article defines characteristics and relations between sociology from the Global South and the Global North, depicted in the literature. Despite the variety of research on the topic, studies of Northern and Southern sociology lack definite description of regional sociologies and their (unequal) relations as well as clear indicators used to assign countries to either region in terms of sociology that still uses classical geopolitical division. On the basis of research of knowledge production and academic relations between Southern and Northern sociology, the author defines main issues of discussion and specific characteristics of these regional sociologies and systematises them under one model. The model reflects four main areas of confrontation between sociology from the North and the South: origin and historical development; research orientation and capabilities; recognition and influence on the global scale; research cooperation and flow of knowledge. In addition, the article presents the alternative model for the recently emerged resistant Southern sociology. In the further research the model can be used to define understudied issues, (re)assign countries concerning sociology and investigate the actual characteristics of Southern and Northern sociology in comparison to the ones presented in the research.


Alatas, S. F. (2003). Academic Dependency and the Global Division of Labour in the Social Sciences. Current Sociology, 51(6), 599–613.

Alatas, S. F., Sinha, V. (2017). Introduction: Eurocentrism, Androcentrism and Sociological Theory. In S. F. Alatas & V. Sinha (Eds.), Sociological Theory Beyond the Canon, 1-16. Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Baber, Z. (2003). Provincial Universalism: The Landscape of Knowledge Production in an Era of Globalization. Current Sociology, 51(6), 615-623.

Collyer, F. M. (2014). Sociology, Sociologists, and Core-Periphery Reflections. Journal of Sociology, 50(3), 252-268.

Collyer, F. M. (2018). Global Patterns in the Publishing of Academic Knowledge: Global North, Global South. Current Sociology, 66(1), 56-73.

Connell, R. (2007). Southern Theory. A&U Academic.

Connell, R. (2014). Using Southern Theory: Decolonizing Social Thought in Theory, Research and Application. Planning Theory, 13(2), 210-223.

Costa, S. (2014). Social Sciences and North-South-Asymmetries: Towards a Global Sociology. In S. Broeck & C. Juncker (Eds.), Postcoloniality – Decoloniality – Black Critique: Joints and Fissures, 231-243. New York Campus.

Dados, N., Connell, R. (2012). The Global South. Context, 11(1), 12-13.

Dainotto, R. (2017). South by Chance: Southern Questions on the Global South. The Global South, 11(2), 39-53.

Danell, R. (2013). Geographical Diversity and Changing Communication Regimes. In R. Danell, A. Larsson & P. Wisselgren (Eds.), Social Science in Context, 177-190. Nordic Academic Press.

Dirlik, A. (2015). Global South. In A. Wolvers, O. Tappe, T. Salverda & T. Schwarz (Eds.), Concepts of the Global South – Voices from around the world, 13-14. Global South Studies Center. Retrieved October 10, 2020 from

Garrido, M. (2021). Reconceptualizing Segregation from the Global South. City & Community, first published online.

Go, J. (2013). For a Postcolonial Sociology. Theory and Society, 42(1), 25-55.

Gray, E. (2009). National Environmental Scan of South African Scholarly Publishing. Centre of Educational Technology, University of Cape Town.

Jackson, J. T., Dellinger, K., McKee, K., & Trefzer, A. (2016). Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Global South and Global North. In G. Hooks (Ed.), The Sociology of Development Handbook, 129-152. University of California Press.

Keim, W. (2008). Distorted Universality – Internationalization and Its Implications for the Epistemological Foundations of the Discipline. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 33(3), 555-574.

Keim, W. (2011). Counterhegemonic Currents and Internationalization of Sociology. International Sociology, 26(1), 123-145.

Keim, W. (2014). Conceptualizing Circulation of Knowledge in the Social Sciences. In V. Woehrer, E. Celik & W. Keim (Eds.), Global Knowledge in the Social Sciences. Made in Circulation, 87-113. Routledge.

Kreimer, P., Zabala, J. P. (2008). Quelle Connaissance et Pour Qui? Problèmes Sociaux, Production et Usage Social de Connaissances Scientifiques sur la Maladie de Chagas en Argentine. Revue D’Anthropologie des connaissances, 2(3), 413-439.

Kuchma, I. (2018). Open Access Initiative and Networking in the Global South. In U. Herb & J. Schoepfel (Eds.), Open Divide? Critical on Open Access. Litwin Books.

Lamont, M., Guetzkow, J. (2016). How Quality is Recognized by Peer Review Panels: The Case of Humanities. In M. Ochsner, S. E. Hug & D. Hans-Dieter (Eds.), Research Assessment in the Humanities: Towards Criteria and Procedures, 31-41. Springer Nature.

Martin, F., Wyness, L. (2013). Global Partnerships as Sites for Mutual Learning. Policy and Practice: A Development Education Review, 16, 13-40.

McDaniel, S. A. (2003). Introduction: The Currents of Sociology Internationally – Preponderance, Diversity and Division of Labour. Current Sociology, 51(6), 593-597.

Misra, J., Curington, C. V., & Green, V. M. (2021). Methods of Intersectional Research. Sociological Spectrum, 41(1), 9-28.

Motta, S. C., Gunvald, A. A. (2011). Social movements in the Global South: dispossession, development and resistance, 1-31, Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Odeh, L. E. (2010). A Comparative Analysis of Global North and Global South Economies. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 12(3), 338-348.

Oommen, T. K. (1991). Internationalization of Sociology: A View from Developing Countries. Current Sociology, 39(1), 67-84.

Pagel, H., Hempel, F., Köhler, J., & Ranke, K. (2014). The Use of the Concept “Global South” in Social Science and Humanities. Globaler Süden / Global South: Kritische Perspecktiven, Berlin, Germany. Retrieved September 22, 2020 from

Reuveny, R. X., Thompson, W. R. (2007). The North-South Divide and International Studies: A Symposium. International Studies Review, 9(4), 556-564.

Richards, P. (2014). Decolonizing Globalization Studies. The Global South, 8(2), 139-154.

Rigg, J. (2015). The Global South. In A. Wolvers, O. Tappe, T. Salverda & T. Schwarz (Eds.), Concepts of the Global South – Voices from around the world, 13-14. Global South Studies Center. Retrieved October 10, 2020 from

Rosseel, P., de Corte, E., Blommaert, J., & Verniers, E. (2007). Approaches to North-South, South-South and North-South-South Collaboration: A Policy Document. MCR.

Wellmon, C., Piper, A. (2017). Publication, Power, and Patronage: On Inequality and Academic Publishing. Critical Inquiry. Retrieved November 04, 2020 from