Capitalism as the Global Social Order: A Critical Perspective
The article studies the concept of the global social order as a subject of social research. The author starts with pointing at the changes in the structure and the character of the today's global social order (acceleration of exchanges and flows, gradual disappearing of a single hegemony, multipolarity) and claims that it is exactly capitalism that becomes a foundation for multipolar but yet unequal constitution of the global order. The article proposes to deal with the global social order as an example of a global subject – alternative to world system or global system – which can be placed in focus of social research. Also, the paper offers a definition to the notions of social order and global social order. Then the author provides several possible classification of the approaches to the study of the global social order, and then moves on to pointing out their mutual positions. The paper considers capitalism as a special form of global social order and suggests to analyze imperialism and neocolonialism as, on the one hand, the products of this order, and on the other hand, as instruments for its legitimation and hegemony. In the further research the suggested model can be used, first, for the improvements in the study of sociology's global subject, and, second, for deepening the knowledge about the process of (re)production of global social order.
Amin, S. (1997). Capitalism in the Age of Globalization: The Management of Contemporary Society. Zed Books Ltd, 192. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781350218888
Arrighi, G. (2004). Spatial and Other ‘Fixes’ of Historical Capitalism. Journal of World-Systems Research, X, 2, 527–539. https://doi.org/10.5195/jwsr.2004.289
Arrighi, G. (2005). Hegemony Unraveling I, New Left Review II/32, 23–80.
Beck, U. (2001). What is globalization? Translated from German by A.Grigoreva, V. Sedelnik; Edited by A. Filippova. Moscow: Progress-Tradition, 304.
Bellamy Foster, J. (2015). The New Imperialism of Globalized Monopoly - Finance Capital. Monthly Review, 67, 3. Retrieved October 16, 2021 from https://monthlyreviewarchives.org/index.php/mr/article/view/MR-067-03-2015-07_1
Bentley, J. H. (2004). Globalizing history and historicizing globalization. Globalizations, 1(1), 69-81. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/1474773042000252165
Bronner, S. E. (2011) Critical Theory: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., 130. https://doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780199730070.001.0001
Fomichev, P. N. (2000). Global Sociology: The Formation of New Science: Scientific Analytic Review / RAN.INION. Center for Academic Research and Informational Studies on Social Sciences. Department of Sociology and Social Psychology. Edited by Girko L. V., Мoscow, (Section. «Sociology»).
Golіkov, O. S. (2018). Fabrication of order. Knowledge in the constitution of social. Kharkiv: V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 592.
Gorelov, A. A., Bronnikov, I. A. (2015). Global neocolonialism and the problem of sovereignty. Power, 2, 19–25.
Hardt, М., Negri, A. (2000). Empire. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 478. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvjnrw54
Kagarlitsky, B. (2010). From Empire to Imperialism: The State and The Rise of Bourgeois Civilization. National Research University Higher School of Economics. Moscow.: Publishing House of National University, 374.
Kleimenova, E. G. (2014). Social order as a basis for the stability of the social system. Bulletin of Udmurt University. Series Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 1, 23–30.
Magdoff, H. (2003). Imperialism without colonies. New York: Monthly Review Press, 160.
Maliuk, A. (2015). The Concept of Globalization through the Lence of the World-System Approach. Social Dimen-sions of Society, 7 (18), 171–190.
Nederveen Pieterse, J. (2018). Multipolar Globalization: Emerging Economies and Development. Routledge, 264. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315312859
Nederveen Pieterse, J. (2019). Globalization and Culture: Global Mélange. Fourth Edition. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 250.
Nkrumah, K. (1965). Neo-Colonialism, the Last Stage of Imperialism. Retrieved October 16, 2021 from https://www.ma¬rxists.org/subject/africa/nkrumah/neo-colonialism/introduction.htm
Polyakova, N. L. (2019). Global sociology. Basic research strategies. Part I. Universalist approach. Journal of Moscow University. Sociology and Political Science, 25 (4), 154–174. https://doi.org/10.24290/1029-3736-2019-25-4-154-174
Polyakova, N. L. (2020). Global sociology: basic research strategies. Part II. Civilization approach. Journal of Moscow University. Sociology and Political Science, 26 (1), 7–28. https://doi.org/10.24290/1029-3736-2020-26-1-7-28
Robertson, R. (2012). Globalisation or glocalization? Journal of International Communication, 18:2, 191–208. https://doi.org/10.1080/13216597.2012.709925
Saad-Filho, A. (2020). From COVID-19 to the End of Neoliberalism. Critical Sociology, 46 (4–5), 477–485. https://doi.org/10.1177/0896920520929966
Shmatko, N. A. (2001). Pluralization of social order and social topology. Sociological Studies, 9, 14–19.
Sklair, L. (1995). Sociology of the Global System. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2nd edition, 352.
Sobolevskaya, M. A. (2013). The notion of social order in the modern social theory: from the discourse of order to the order of discourse. Young Scholar, 12 (59), 794–798.
Tsymbal, T. V. (2013). Scientific and methodological aspects of the typology of the modern globalization theories. Actual Problems of Sociology, Psychology, Pedagogy, 18, 35–42.