Search and Research Project «Attitude of Ukrainians to the Historical Past» in the framework of Qualitative Strategy of Sociological Research


  • Tetiana Lishchuk-Torchynska Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University



project method, biographical research, narrative interviews, oral history, semi-structured interviews, focus group


The article is based on concrete experience that substantiates the prospects of using the projective technology during the study «Qualitative Methods in Sociological Research» course by students of sociology department. The project was implemented during 2015/2016 and 2016/2017 academic years by students of sociology department of «Master» and «Specialist» degree of the Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University; the project was headed by the author of the article. The geography of the study has covered Volyn, Lviv, Rivne, Ternopil and Charkiv regions of Ukraine. The sample of the study consisted of representatives of various status groups: ordinary citizens aged 60 and older (in the narrative interview format), experts – representatives of the humanitarian intelligentsia aged from 35 to 60 years (in a semi-structured interview format) and of young intellectuals that are students (in focus group studies). The theoretical questions, methodological and organizational aspects of empirical researches that were carried out within the framework of the project are considered. On the basic of biographical type and type of oral history of qualitative research strategy within the help of methods of in-depth interviews and focus-groups an integrated approach to the study of the attitude of Ukrainians towards the historical past has been tested. Within the framework of this project, the significance for the professional preparation of sociologists in the high school of the didactic and content components of field work of students was revealed. The essence of the first of these components is to deep students’ understanding of the research process by applying the theory, methods of data analysis applying self-assessment of the level of the course professional training. The essence of another is in attracting students to the study of topics relevant to the Ukrainian society over the historical past of the representatives of various status groups. While participating in the project, with the framework of a qualitative sociological research strategy, students gained experience of search and research work, including the experience of generation and critics of ideas, teamwork and individual work, interaction in the field with the Others.


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